AutoFS provides automounting of removable media or network shares when they are Removable media; NFS network mounts. Configure a basic automount function on your network file system with autofs. Automount mini−Howto. Rahul Sundaram, [email protected] v, −12− This file describes the autofs automounter, how to configure it, and .
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In an environment with NFS file servers, such a configuration can be useful. In the example of a direct map, which was: Autofs chooses the nearest server and therefore confines NFS network traffic to a local network segment. Modifying How Autofs Navigates the Network Modifying Maps You can modify, delete, or add entries to maps to meet the needs of your environment.
Check the output from the first terminal for clues as to why the mount failed or was not attempted. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published.
You can use variables anywhere in an entry line except as a key. Introduction autofs is a program for automatically mounting directories on an as-needed basis. Here is the sample file provided by Ubuntu: You can create an autofs map that will execute some commands to generate the autofs mount points.
After the file system is mounted, further access does not require any action from automountd until the file system is automatically unmounted. Refer to “Autofs Unmounting” for an explanation of this limitation. The numbers in parentheses indicate a weighting.
This howto assumes that you are already familiar with NFS exports, and that you already have a properly-functioning NFS share on your network. Which server you mount them from does not matter, as long as the server is running and exporting its file systems. For example, when autofs receives a request to access a file system that is not currently mounted, autofs calls automountdwhich actually mounts the requested file system.
HOW TO CONFIGURE AUTOFS (AUTOMOUNT) IN LINUX
Autofs last edited Configuration autofs can be configured by editing configuration files. Type the following into a terminal: Partners Support Community Ubuntu.
Autofs allows the intercepted request to proceed. The sorting can also be influenced by using weighting see “Autofs and Weighting”. Maps are files that contain information such as the password entries of all users on a network or the names of all host computers on a network, that is, network-wide equivalents of UNIX administration files. Autofs searches a series of maps to navigate its way through the network. This preference is only checked if there are more version 3 servers than version 2 servers.
The main package we have to install is autofs. Pings the server’s mount service to see if it’s alive. Be sure that you understand the security implications of this before proceeding. Autofs intercepts the request.
May 31, at You can also use variables see autofs 5 man page to automounh users and other parameters to be able to create generic file for multiple users. When specifying a FUSE file system location in map file, certain characters, notably the hash and the colon: Here you can mount the man pages from the servers oakroseor willow. But remember that you need to access a directory before it is auto-mounted.
This helps you to accommodate different architecture types accessing the same file system location. Figure illustrates server proximity.
HOW TO CONFIGURE AUTOFS (AUTOMOUNT) IN LINUX
Caution – Do not use the -soft option when specifying hierarchical layers. May 4, at 5: As we can see above we have two NFS exports i. Note – Mounts managed through the autofs service should not be manually mounted or unmounted. Aufofs a large network, more than one server can export the current set of manual pages. When autofs is started, an automount daemon is spawned for each map. When a client attempts to access a file system that is not presently mounted, the autofs file system intercepts the request and calls automountd to mount the requested directory.
Here we are using Autofs to mount the NFS exported shares automatically. Under these circumstances running the following command: You could benefit from using an autimount autofs map if you need to be able to create the autofs structure from a database or a flat file.
For example, consider the following master map entry: One solution to this would be to create separate entries for each directory, as follows: This procedure makes sense only when you mount a file system that is read-only, as you must have some control over the locations of files you write or modify.
You can influence the selection howtp servers at the same proximity level by adding a weighting value to the autofs map. You don’t want to modify files on one server on one occasion and, minutes later, modify the “same” file on another server. Autofs unmounts the file system after a period of inactivity.