The water vascular system is a hydraulic system used by echinoderms, such as sea stars and sea urchins, for locomotion, food and waste transportation, and respiration. The system is composed of canals connecting numerous tube feet. Echinoderms move by alternately contracting muscles that force water into it is restricted to water channels in sponges and the hydrostatic. Phylum Echinodermata Ex. Sea stars, sea cucumbers, feather stars, sea urchins, . water circulates through = hydrostatic skeleton unique to Echinoderms; Tube feet: create suction to adhere to substrate Movement. Echinoderms usually inhabit shallow coastal waters and ocean trenches. ➢ organisms in this . hydrostatic pressure permits movement. ➢ Path of water in the.

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The Polian vesicles are bladder-like sacs with narrower neck. Segmentation the successful formula Early Arthropods: The cylindrical tube- feet which are suctorial and provided with calcareous rings, are locomotory in function. It opens into the ring canal at the oral end. In most cases, the small lateral canals connecting echnoderms ampullae to the radial canal are of equal length, so that the tube feet are arranged in two rows, one along each side of the groove.

Echinoderms: A hydrostatic structure

Most of the water-pores lead into stone canal and rest into the axial sinus in adults. The stone canals in all Holothurians are attached to body movemeent. In Holothuroidea, lateral branches from the radial vessels go into the tube-feet as well as into the tentacles.

In general, sea stars or star fishes move rather slowly and tend to remain within a restricted area.

BCB705 Biodiversity: Chapter2 – Evolution of Biodiversity

Some lateral branches also emerge from the radial vessels and end blindly in the body wall. In normal horizontal movement, the tube feet appear to act mainly as levers, since they can be seen to bend throughout their length, while in vertical movement the traction method appears to be used.


The wall of the stone canal is provided with calcareous ossicles. It is primarily locomotory in function and also sub-serves the function of tactile and respiratory organs in some cases. It is communicated with the exterior through the stone canal and axial sinus. In between each radial canal, in many sea star species, there lies a muscular sac called a polian vesicle. The functioning of the unit depends upon differences between the musculature of the ampulla and the tube foot Fig. A hydrostatic structure Echinoderms diversity: Ophiuroidsthe group including brittle stars and basket starshave a somewhat different water vascular system from sea stars, despite their superficially similar appearance.

Ampullae are present in the tube-feet and in the tentacular canals.

Among the Crinoidea, in Antedon, each lateral branch from the radial vessel supplies three tube-feet. Issues of reproduction Land plants: Wiley-Liss, New Moveent, [2]. Providing information Homo erectus: The stone canal opens into the ring canal at the oral end and into the madreporic ampulla at the aboral end.

It is quite distinct from the perivisceral cavity in adult excepting some Holothurians and Crinoids.

Each side of the radial canals gives rise to a row of bulb-like ampullae, which are connected via lateral canals. Retrieved from ” https: Lack of teeth Taking to the skies The Colugo: Copulation Incubating the eggs Protecting the eggs Precocial and altricial chicks The relationship between the anatomy and flying Flight: In some exceptional cases more than one polian vesicle may be present.

In Ophiuroidea, the stone canal is devoid of calcareous deposition and opens in one of the oral plates Sedjwick, The use of the arms Gorillas: Role of Tube Feet in Locomotion 4. Opportunity to evolve Survival today Marsupials and placental mammals: An aquatic existence Whales: Numerous tubes, without calcareous deposits in their walls, emerging from the ring vessel are the representatives of the stone canals of other groups. The water-pores are recorded to be in Antedon bifidia.


The canals of the water vascular system contain a fluid of albuminous nature. Finding your soul mate An Insect’s approach to rearing your young Insects: The water vascular system is a hydraulic system used by echinodermssuch as sea stars and sea urchinsfor locomotion, food and waste transportation, and respiration.

Locomotion in Star Fish | Invertebrates

The radial vessels give lateral vessels to the tube-feet. All these make possible the highly organised stepping movement by which the star fishes pull themselves along Fig. When a sea star is turned over, it can right itself by folding.

This is seen in Asterias and Gymnasterias. Instead, a simple valve at the upper end of the foot helps to control water pressure in the tube feet, mvement with contraction of the associated canals. In Ophiactis virens, the stone canals are many.

Echinoderms move by alternately contracting muscles that force water into the tube feet, causing them to extend and push against the ground, then relaxing to allow the feet to retract. Sight is key Monkeys: The axial sinus is inconspicuous in Asteroids, very small in Echinoids and Ophiuroids. Introduction to Star Fish 2. hydrosyatic

Water Vascular System of Echinoderms

The greatest conquerors of all? Family groups Similarities between Gorillas and humans Gorillas: In Asteroidea, the number of polian vesicles varies greatly.

As in other echinoderms, the radial canals give rise to lateral canals, but there are no ampullae, and clusters of three tube feet branch from the ends of each canal, except around the mouth, where they are found singly.

Adapting to swimming life The diet of whales and the sounds of dolphins Dolphins: Speed and distance Migration: