Konjungtivitis Vernal – Download as Powerpoint Presentation .ppt), PDF File . pdf), Text File .txt) or view presentation slides online. Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC), atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC), and giant papillary conjunctivitis (GPC) constitute the remaining subtypes. Management of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis. Multiple pharmacologic agents may be used to provide varying degrees of relief. Mucolytic agents.

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Topical mast cell stabilizers cromolyn sodium, nedocromil sodium, and lodoxamide are typically used with topical antihistamines and have been shown to be effective in moderate presentations of VKC [13]. Some of the cornea and conjunctiva findings in vernal conjunctivitis. Barot, RK et al.

Treatment of Vernal Conjunctivitis

This page has been accessedtimes. Create account Log in. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep, Vernal keratoconjunctivitis VKC or spring catarrh is a recurrent, bilateral, and self-limiting inflammation of conjunctivahaving a periodic seasonal incidence. High pulse dose with veenal tapering and use of low-absorptions corticosteroids fluoromethelone, loteprednol, remexolone, etc.

If seasonal recurrence is known, it is suggested that mast-cell stabilization therapy be initiated prior to the season in which symptoms are encountered and continued throughout the season [6]. Injection of local corticosteroid into the upper tarsal papillae can sometimes offer short term relief as well [2, konjungtivits.

Depending on region and climate, prevalence of VKC can vary widely.

Vernal keratoconjunctivitis

VKC is a condition seen primarily in hot and konmungtivitis climates most commonly vernaal West Africa and the Mediterranean basin [1, 2]. Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis From EyeWiki. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. VKC was originally thought to be due to a solely IgE mediate reaction via mast cell release [1].


Based on severity, authors have classified VKC into clinical grades: The first description of VKC is credited to Arlt who described 3 cases of peri-limbal swelling in young patients in [1]. Mannis, and Edward J.

Retrieved from ” https: The Academy uses cookies to analyze performance and provide relevant veernal content to users of our website. Am J Trop Med Hyg, Residents and Fellows contest rules International Ophthalmologists contest rules. Complications typically arise from occasional corneal scarring and the unsupervised used of topical corticosteroids [1, 2]. In other projects Wikimedia Commons. AKC typically has an older age of onset in the 2nd to 5th decade, as opposed to kkonjungtivitis prior to age 10 with VKC.

Long term immunomodulation with steroid konjjungtivitis agents such as cyclosporine and tacrolimus is often needed. This page was last modified on November 28,at The increased incidence in hot regions is speculated to be secondary to a higher level of pollution by pollens and various other allergens.

Badr, Corneal ectasia in vernal keratoconjunctivitis. Mast-cell stabilizers have a loading period to reach their full therapeutic effect [6]. Additionally, prevalence in endemic regions is much higher when looking at adolescents compared to the population as a whole [7].

Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

The majority of VKC occurs in patients between the ages of years old with an age of onset between years old; however there are reports of patients konjungtivutis young as 5-months-old [2, 11].

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Enroll in the International Ophthalmologists contest. Additionally, adult patients with VKC may respond more favorably to topical cyclosporin therapy [16]. Indian J Ophthalmol, Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.


Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci, VKC is seen more often in patients who have atopic family histories, but no clear correlation with specific genetic loci has been elucidated [2]. For instance, one European study demonstrated the prevalence was between 1. Br J Ophthalmol, It is typically bilateral but may be asymmetric in nature. Views Read Edit View history.

Konjungrivitis of any and all possible allergens as well as conservative management such as cool compresses and lid scrubs make up the first line of therapy [13].

It is thought to be relatively unusual in North America and Western Europe [6, 7]. D ICD – Such patients often give family history of other atopic diseases such as hay feverasthma or eczemaand their peripheral blood shows eosinophilia and increased serum IgE levels.

Oral anti-histamines are sometimes utilized, but there is no real evidence in their support. Kosrirukvongs, Use of cyclosporine A and tacrolimus in treatment of vernal keratoconjunctivitis.

Page Discussion View form View source History. Am J Ophthalmol, This article needs additional citations for verification. Delhi Journal of Ophthalmology. Dual-Action agents with both H1-blocking mechanism and mast-cell stabilization have the benefits of working immediately and having long-term disease modifying effects. Diseases of the eye and adnexa Disorders of conjunctiva Rare diseases.

Nonetheless, the sometimes debilitating nature of this disease when it is active necessitates therapy to control symptoms. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.