Use words in URLsURLs with words that are relevant to your site's content and structure are friendlier for visitors navigating your site. Visitors remember them better and might be more willing to link to them
- using lengthy URLs with unnecessary parameters and session IDs choosing generic page names like "page1.html"
- using excessive keywords like"baseball-cards-baseball-cards-baseballcards.htm
Create a simple directory structure
Use a directory structure that organizes your content well and makes it easy for visitors to know where they're at on your site. Try using your directory structure to indicate the type of content found at that URL.
- having deep nesting of subdirectories like ".../dir1/dir /dir /dir4/dir5/dir6/page.html";
- using directory names that have no relation to the content in them
Provide one version of a URL to reach a document
To prevent users from linking to one version of a URL and others linking to a different version (this could split the reputation of that content between the URLs), focus on using and referring to one URL in the structure and internal linking of your pages.
If you do find that people are accessing the same content through multiple URLs, setting up a 301 redirec t from non-preferred URLs to the dominant URL is a good solution for this. You may also use canonical URL or use the rel="canonical " link element if you cannot redirect.
- having pages from subdomains and the root directory access the same content
- e.g. "domain.com/page.htm" and "sub.domain.com/page.htm"
- using odd capitalization of URLs
- many users expect lower-case URLs and remember them better
Creating Google-friendly URLs