Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.

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In trade, consignments of Gnetum africanum and Gnetum buchholzianum are often mixed. Gnetum africanum is a good source of protein and is strong in essential and non-essential amino acids. Nurseries are now concentrating their efforts on Gnetum buchholzianum because it is preferred by traders and is more vigorous.

Experimental plantings for domestication are being made with both species. Estimates for the annual export of eru leaves both species to Nigeria range between t and t. After about 6 weeks the rooted cuttings are transferred to polythene sleeves, bamboo pots or other containers where they remain for a further 2—3 months.

Dried shredded leaves are exported, mainly from Nigeria to the United States and to a lesser extent from other countries to France and the United Kingdom. The content of amino acids found in Gnetum africanum is similar to recommended levels by the FAO. The 2 African species, which are very similar, have been classified gneyum section Gnetumsubsection Micrognemones. American Journal of Botany The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked.

If cultivated, farmers need to provide support, e. The stem of the plant may also be eaten for medicinal purposes, including the reduction of pain during childbirth.


Retrieved 11 January It is eaten as a treatment against nausea and is considered antidotal against arrow-poison based on Parquetina nigrescens[].

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Gnetum africanum (PROTA) – PlantUse English

Gnetum africanum – Welw. Eru is hardly cultivated at all at present, but there is massive exploitation gnnetum the remaining natural stands, which have almost disappeared in Nigeria and are becoming scarce in Cameroon, Gabon and the Central African Republic. Shredded leaves can be dried and preserved for later use[ ]. The leaves of Gnetum africanum are somewhat thinner and paler than the dark green leaves of Gnetum buchholzianum.

Phylogeny of seed plants based on evidence from eight genes Archived at Archive. See Terms of Use for details. Consequently, the content of micronutrients in the latter might be somewhat higher. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.

It has been found in primary and secondary semi-deciduous humid forests, both in dense and sunny transitional savannah locations, ranging from sea-level to meter altitude.

Reporting Science in Africa. Gnetum africanum Plant List: If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Eru is still mainly collected from wild stands, but farmers often retain it when clearing fields. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts.

Wikispecies has information related to Gnetum africanum. It has also been noted that the vine does not grow particularly well in very moist conditions such as marshes and swamps.

The leaves have a very high nutritional value and constitute an important source of protein, essential amino acids and mineral elements[ ]. Gnetum africanumfrom the gbetum rainforest of Cameroon. africanuum



They are usually cooked with meat or fish and occasionally consumed as a salad. Its male catkins have slender internodes of equal width from the base to the tip. This may double in subsequent years[ ]. These can remain alive for many years when the vegetation and the plant growth above ground are cleared and the soil surface is laid bare[ ].

Methods of vegetative propagation using leafy stem cuttings have recently been developed. Leaves – raw or cooked[ ]. Growing up from the base, the stems produce only small, afficanum leaves, and they grow rapidly towards the light. Under wild conditions, the plant grows and forms underground faricanum or roots that store plant food faricanum.

Diversity found between accessions is considerable, offering scope for improvement of both quality and productivity. They are also used to treat boils and fungal infections on the fingers. This page was last modified on 18 Mayat Gnetum buchholzianum has thick dark green leaves.

Retrieved 26 January It is usually found with other climbers on middle- and under-storey trees, frequently forming thickets. The leaves of Gnetum africanum can be replaced by those hnetum the other eru species, Gnetum buchholzianumor leaves of the shrub Lasianthera africana P.

Gnetum africanum gjetum been found to be negatively impacted if grown on or next to termite infected wood or trees. Selection takes place for size and texture of the leaves, and is mainly determined by species. The seeds are eaten in Cameroon and DR Congo.